New energy storage device based on water
Solution for increasing energy demand
RUB-researchers are developing aqueous lithium-ion battery
Renewable energies fall short
The current world-wide consumption is predicted by experts to rise up from 13 to 25 terawatt by 2050. Renewable energies are only able to supply ten percent of the need, because they are expensive and not always available in the same extent. This applies especially for solar and wind energy. “Fast and economical systems, to cache the current, are in demand”, explains La Mantia. The idea is to produce batteries, which are appropriate for the application in the power grid.
Higher performance and lifespan
General lithium-ion batteries are based on organic solvents. They are the standard for all portable devices. However, for the use in power supply systems, they are too expensive and unsafe. They overheat too quickly, which can cause short circuits. To improve the performance, lifespan, energy density and the price-performance ratio, the young scientists concentrate themselves on the combination of appropriate materials, separators, cells and aqueous electrolytes (liquid conductor of electricity).